This fact sheet summarizes, and follows up with recommendations to lawmakers, the issue brief Federal Health Expenditures on Children on the Eve of Health Reform: A Benchmark for the Future, authored by researchersACABriefimage at the Urban Institute and commissioned by First Focus. The brief examines current and historical trends in federal spending on children, assesses the growing federal commitment to children’s health coverage programs, and evaluates potential changes in federal investments in children related to ACA implementation.