Key Facts about the CHIP ProgramHealth
The Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP) was enacted by a bipartisan group of lawmakers as part of the Balanced Budget Act of 1997 (P.L. 105-33) to provide funding to states to reduce the numbers of uninsured children. CHIP focuses on low-income children in working families who don’t have access to job-based coverage but earn too much to qualify for Medicaid. In 1997, an astounding 23% of low-income children in America, those at or below 200% of the Federal Poverty Level (FPL), were uninsured.
Since CHIP was enacted, the uninsurance rate for children age 18 and under has fallen by 67.9%, from 14.9% to 4.8%. In 2014, there were 4.4 million uninsured children down from 10.7 million in 1997. By 2014, the uninsured rate had fallen to 5.8% with a 91% participation rate for children eligible for CHIP and Medicaid.
CHIP has a proven track record of providing high-quality, cost-effective coverage for low-income children in working families. It is a model program that has reduced the numbers of uninsured children to record lows, even during the economic crisis that began in 2008.